Fasting in an Area That Daylight is Longer Than Night ~ Hi all! For example, now in a region that has a longer daylight time than at night. Let’s say the afternoon time is 18 hours and the night time is only 6 hours. The question is, how do we fast in such an area? Can we not eat and drink for 18 hours?
Such facts are common in countries that have four seasons. Several years ago, I had experienced this condition in Cairo, Egypt. At that time the month of Ramadan coincided with the peak of summer. The result is that I have to fast in the month of Ramadan for approximately 14 hours a day. To be honest, it was very hard for me who came from a country with a tropical climate, Indonesia, especially if at that time there was also an exam on campus.
I need to say here, that the basic point of the question above is the determination of the time of the beginning of fasting and the time of the end of fasting. Maybe we all already know, that it is the same as the determination of the Maghrib prayer time which is marked by the setting of the sun and the determination of the time of dawn. Such is the way to determine the time of fasting, starting from dawn to the setting of the sun. This method must be used to determine the beginning of time and end of time in the country where there are day and night changes, even though the daytime is longer than at night.
Quran About Fasting
The Quran about fasting that I mean is as follows:
أُحِلَّ لَكُمۡ لَيۡلَةَ ٱلصِّيَامِ ٱلرَّفَثُ إِلَىٰ نِسَآئِكُمۡۚ هُنَّ لِبَاسٞ لَّكُمۡ وَأَنتُمۡ لِبَاسٞ لَّهُنَّۗ عَلِمَ ٱللَّهُ أَنَّكُمۡ كُنتُمۡ تَخۡتَانُونَ أَنفُسَكُمۡ فَتَابَ عَلَيۡكُمۡ وَعَفَا عَنكُمۡۖ فَٱلۡـَٰٔنَ بَٰشِرُوهُنَّ وَٱبۡتَغُواْ مَا كَتَبَ ٱللَّهُ لَكُمۡۚ وَكُلُواْ وَٱشۡرَبُواْ حَتَّىٰ يَتَبَيَّنَ لَكُمُ ٱلۡخَيۡطُ ٱلۡأَبۡيَضُ مِنَ ٱلۡخَيۡطِ ٱلۡأَسۡوَدِ مِنَ ٱلۡفَجۡرِۖ ثُمَّ أَتِمُّواْ ٱلصِّيَامَ إِلَى ٱلَّيۡلِۚ وَلَا تُبَٰشِرُوهُنَّ وَأَنتُمۡ عَٰكِفُونَ فِي ٱلۡمَسَٰجِدِۗ تِلۡكَ حُدُودُ ٱللَّهِ فَلَا تَقۡرَبُوهَاۗ كَذَٰلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ ٱللَّهُ ءَايَٰتِهِۦ لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمۡ يَتَّقُونَ
It is made lawful to you to go into your wives on the night of the fast; they are an apparel for you and you are an apparel for them; Allah knew that you acted unfaithfully to yourselves, so He has turned to you (mercifully) and removed from you (this burden); so now be in contact with them and seek what Allah has ordained for you, and eat and drink until the whiteness of the day becomes distinct from the blackness of the night at dawn, then complete the fast till night, and have not contact with them while you keep to the mosques; these are the limits of Allah, so do not go near them. Thus, does Allah make clear His communications for men that they may guard (against evil). (Al-Baqarah ; 187).
The problem is, what if day and night cannot be known? What I mean is, for example in the summer the sun does not set and in the winter the sun does not rise, how do we pray and fast?
Pay attention! I found an opinion that said that if there is a Muslim in a country with such conditions, then to determine prayer times and fasting time is to equate them with the conditions in the nearest country. He must follow the prayer times and fasting times that apply in the nearest country.
What I have said above can we understand like this, “For example, now we are in country A. Daytime in country A is 18 hours. Whereas in country B, the country next to country A, the time of day is 16 hours. Thus, we must equate fasting and prayer times with country B.” The means is, we may fast for 16 hours like Muslims in country B.
That’s a brief explanation about fasting in an area that daylight is longer than night. Do you understand? I hope so! Hopefully, this article is useful! Amen!
See you again in the next article!