Obligation to Fast Ramadan for People Who Have Passed Away ~ Hi all! For example, there are cases like this, “In the month of Ramadan our father was sick. That’s why he can’t fast for 8 days. Unfortunately, he died before he changed the fast, he had left. The question is, do we as children have to replace the fast that our father has left behind?”
All readers! The description of the problem that I explained above can happen to us or others. In a number of previous articles, I have stated, that if a Muslim has fulfilled the requirements for fasting, then he must fast. If he doesn’t do that, then he sins. Therefore, as a Muslim we also need to know the explanation of this problem well.
Before I speak further about the obligation to fast for people who have passed away, I will present some hadiths that are specifically related to the theme of this article.
Hadith About Obligation to Fast Ramadan for People Who Have Passed Away
The hadith the obligation to fast for people who have passed away that I mean is as follows:
عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا , قَالَ : جَاءَ رَجُلٌ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ , فَقَالَ : يَا رَسُوْلَ اللهِ , إِنَّ أُمِّيْ مَاتَتْ وَعَلَيْهَا صَوْمُ شَهْرٍ فَأَقْضِيْهِ عَنْهَا ؟ قَالَ : نَعَمْ , فَدَيْنُ اللهِ أَحَقُّ أَنْ يُقْضَى
From Abdullah bin Abbas radliyallahu anhuma, he said, “Someone had come to the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallahu alaihi wa sallam, he then said, “O Messenger of Allah, my mother has actually died and she has the obligation to fast for one month. Do I have to fast for her?” The Prophet Muhammad replied, “Yes! Debt to Allah is more important to be paid.”
عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهَا قَالَتْ : قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : مَنْ مَاتَ وَعَلَيْهِ صِيَامٌ صَامَ عَنْهُ وَلِيُّهُ
From Aisha radliyallahu anha, she said, “The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said, “Whoever has died and he has the obligation to fast, his family must fast to replace his fast.”
Now, after we know the explanation of the two hadiths above, at least we have understood a number of things as follows;
One; If there is a Muslim who does not fast in Ramadan because of illness or something else, then he dies before he changes the fast, he has left, then his family must replace him to fast.
Two; Fasting is one of the obligations in Islam which is likened to debt to Allah. That’s why paying off this obligation is very important.
There is one more problem that I want to explain in this article. If if our father dies and he has an obligation to fast for 8 days, is the obligation to change fasting must be done by one person or can it be done by two people or even more?
I found one historical data related to that question. Pay attention!
قَالَ الْبُخَارِيُّ رَحِمَهُ اللهِ : قَالَ الْحَسَنُ : إِنْ صَامَ عَنْهُ ثَلَاثُوْنَ رَجُلًا يَوْمًا وَاحِدًا جَازَ
Al-Bukhari, may Allah bless him, said, “Al-Hasan said, “If there are thirty people fasting in one day to replace him, then that may be.”
All readers! If we understand the historical data, then we know that to replace the fasting obligation of the person who has died it can be done by two people or even more, it does not have to be done by one person.
Now, do you understand? The problem is simple and the information that I have explained is also very clear. That is obligation to fast for people who have passed away. So, I hope you understand. Hopefully this article is useful! Amen!
See you again in the next article!