Hi all readers! Are you looking for an explanation of Fajr prayer, Fajr rakats, dhikr Fajr and dua Fajr? If your answer is “Yes”, congratulations! Now you are reading the right article. Why? Because that is what I will explain in this article. As Muslims, we must understand that. That’s why I wrote this article. So, you should read it to the end!
Specifically, there are five important things about Fajr prayer, Fajr rakats, dhikr Fajr and dua Fajr which I will explain in this article. The five important things I mean are as follows:
What Is Fajr Prayer?
The first important thing about Fajr prayer, Fajr rakats, dhikr Fajr and dua Fajr which I will explain now is “what is Fajr prayer?”. I want you to understand that first because it is one of the important things in this discussion that must be well understood.
In general, if we read some Islamic legal literature regarding the Fajr prayer, we will find an explanation that the Fajr prayer is one of the obligatory prayers in Islam. What it means is that Muslims who are mature and have no justifiable reasons in Islam must perform the Fajr prayer. If they do not pray Fajr, they sin.
Fajr prayer is an obligatory prayer in Islam that must be performed when the dawn (shadiq) rises until before the sun rises. That is the time for the Fajr prayer. We can find this explanation in the hadith below.
Hadith about Fajr Prayer and Fajr Prayer Times
As for the hadith regarding the Fajr prayer and Fajr prayer times, what I mean is as follows:
عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ ، قَالَ لَمَّا قَدِمَ الْحَجَّاجُ الْمَدِينَةَ فَسَأَلْنَا جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ فَقَالَ كَانَ رَسُوْلُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُصَلِّي الظُّهْرَ بِالْهَاجِرَةِ وَالْعَصْرَ وَالشَّمْسُ نَقِيَّةٌ وَالْمَغْرِبَ إِذَا وَجَبَتْ وَالْعِشَاءَ أَحْيَانًا يُؤَخِّرُهَا وَأَحْيَانًا يُعَجِّلُ كَانَ إِذَا رَآهُمْ قَدِ اجْتَمَعُوا عَجَّلَ وَإِذَا رَآهُمْ قَدْ أَبْطَئُوا أَخَّرَ وَالصُّبْحَ كَانُوا أَوْ – قَالَ – كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُصَلِّيهَا بِغَلَسٍ
From Muhammad bin Amr bin al-Hasan bin Ali: When Hajjaj came to Medina we asked Jabir bin Abdullah (about the timings of prayer as observed by the Holy Prophet). He said: The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam used to pray afternoon prayer in the midday heat; the afternoon prayer when the sun was bright; the evening prayer when the sun had completely set; and as for the night prayer, he sometimes delayed and sometimes (observed it) at earlier hours. When he found them (his Companions) assembled (at earlier hours) he (prayed) early. and when he saw them coming late, he delayed the (prayer). and the morning prayer the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam observed in the darkness before dawn.
عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو ، أَنَّ رَسُوْلَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ : وَقْتُ الظُّهْرِ إِذَا زَالَتِ الشَّمْسُ وَكَانَ ظِلُّ الرَّجُلِ كَطُولِهِ مَا لَمْ يَحْضُرِ الْعَصْرُ وَوَقْتُ الْعَصْرِ مَا لَمْ تَصْفَرَّ الشَّمْسُ وَوَقْتُ صَلاَةِ الْمَغْرِبِ مَا لَمْ يَغِبِ الشَّفَقُ وَوَقْتُ صَلاَةِ الْعِشَاءِ إِلَى نِصْفِ اللَّيْلِ الأَوْسَطِ وَوَقْتُ صَلاَةِ الصُّبْحِ مِنْ طُلُوعِ الْفَجْرِ مَا لَمْ تَطْلُعِ الشَّمْسُ فَإِذَا طَلَعَتِ الشَّمْسُ فَأَمْسِكْ عَنِ الصَّلاَةِ فَإِنَّهَا تَطْلُعُ بَيْنَ قَرْنَىْ شَيْطَانٍ
From Abdullah bin Amr reported, that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said: The time of the noon prayer is when the sun passes the meridian and a man’s shadow is the same (length) as his height, (and it lasts) as long as the time for the afternoon prayer has not come; the time for the afternoon prayer is as long as the sun has not become pale; the time of the evening prayer is as long as the twilight has not ended; the time of the night prayer is up to the middle of the average night and the time of the morning prayer is from the appearance of dawn, as long as the sun has not risen; but when the sun rises, refrain from prayer for it rises between the horns of the devil.
That is a brief explanation of “what is Fajr prayer, hadith about Fajr prayer and Fajr prayer time”. As Muslims, we must understand that.
How Many Rakats in Fajr?
The second important thing about Fajr prayer, Fajr rakats, dhikr Fajr and dua Fajr which I will explain now is “how many rakats in Fajr?”. I want you to understand that because it is one of the important questions that Muslims must understand well.
In general, if we read some Islamic legal literature on Fajr prayer, we will find an explanation that there are two rakats in Fajr. What this means is that Muslims who perform the Fajr prayer must perform two rakats.
We can find an explanation that Fajr has two rakats in the hadith below:
Hadith about Rakats in Fajr
As for the hadith about rakats in Fajr, what I mean is as follows:
عَنْ عَائِشَةَ زَوْجِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَتْ كَانَ أَوَّلَ مَا افْتُرِضَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ الصَّلَاةُ رَكْعَتَانِ رَكْعَتَانِ إِلَّا الْمَغْرِبَ فَإِنَّهَا كَانَتْ ثَلَاثًا ثُمَّ أَتَمَّ اللَّهُ الظُّهْرَ وَالْعَصْرَ وَالْعِشَاءَ الْآخِرَةَ أَرْبَعًا فِي الْحَضَرِ وَأَقَرَّ الصَّلَاةَ عَلَى فَرْضِهَا الْأَوَّلِ فِي السَّفَرِ
From Aisha, the wife of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wa sallam, she said: Among that which was obligated on Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was Salat which was two Rakat two Rakat except for Maghrib which was three, and then Allah made Zuhr Asr and Isha four while one is not Traveling, and made it the same as it was obligated the first time while Traveling (meaning Two Rak’at).
That is a brief explanation of “how many rakats in Fajr and the hadith about rakats in Fajr”. As Muslims, we must understand that.
How Do You Pray Fajr Prayer?
The third important thing about Fajr prayer, Fajr rakats, dhikr Fajr and dua Fajr which I will explain now is “how do you pray Fajr prayer?”. I want you to understand that because it is one of the important questions about the Fajr prayer that must be understood properly.
In general, there are four things that you should do if you want to pray Fajr and if you are praying Fajr. The four things I mean are as follows:
One: you have to purify yourselves of minor and major hadas. I’ve explained it all in several articles about janaba. I won’t explain it all again here.
Two: you have to say niyyah for the Fajr prayer.
The niyyah for the Fajr prayer is as follows:
أُصَلِّى فَرْضَ الصُّبْحِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ مُسْتَقْبِلَ الْقِبْلَةِ أَدَاءً لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى
I intend to perform the obligatory prayers, Fajr, two rak’ahs, facing Qiblah, as an obligation, because of Allah Ta’ala.
Three: you must perform the obligatory movements in the Fajr prayer, such as takbir ihram, bowing, I’tidal, standing after I’tidal, prostration, sitting between two prostrations, early tashahud, final tashahud, and so on.
Four: you must read the readings in prayer, such as reading al-Fatihah, some verses of the Quran, prayer after tahrib ihram, prayer in prostration, prayer in sitting between two prostrations, prayer in bowing, prayer in I’no, prayer tashahud, and so forth.
That’s a brief explanation of “how do you pray Fajr prayer?”. As Muslims, we must understand that.
The fourth important thing about Fajr prayer, Fajr rakats, dhikr Fajr and dua Fajr which I will explain now is dhikr Fajr. I want you to understand that because it is one of the important topics in this article that should be well understood.
In general, if we read some Islamic literature on prayer, we will find an explanation that some of the best dhikr after prayer, including dhikr Fajr, are as follows:
One: reading tasbih (سُبْحَانَ اللهِ) thirty-three times.
Two: recite the tahmid (الحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ) thirty-three times.
Three: recite takbir (اللهُ أَكْبَرُ) thirty-three times.
Four: read tahlil (لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيْرٌ) once.
Five: read Ayatul Kursi once.
Six: read surah al-Ikhlas (قُلْ هُوَ اللهُ أَحَدٌ) once.
We can find an explanation of the dhikr Fajr in the hadith below.
Hadith About Dhikr Fajr
As for the hadith about dhikr Fajr I mean as follows:
عَنْ أَبِيْ هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ عَنْ رَسُوْلِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ ؛ مَنْ سَبَّحَ اللهَ دُبُرَ كُلِّ صَلَاةٍ ثَلَاثًا وَثَلَاثِيْنَ ، وَحَمِدَ اللهَ ثَلَاثًا وَثَلَاثِيْنَ ، وَكَبَّرَ اللهَ ثَلَاثًا وَثَلَاثِيْنَ , فَتِلْكَ تِسْعٌ وَتِسْعُوْنَ ، وَقَالَ تَمَامَ الْمِائَةِ ؛ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيْرٌ ، غُفِرَتْ خَطَايَاهُ وَلَوْ كَانَتْ مِثْلَ زَبَدِ الْبَحْرِ . رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ
From Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu, from the Messenger of Allah (Prophet Muhammad) sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he said, “Whoever recites the tasbih to Allah after every prayer up to thirty three times, praises Allah up to thirty three times, and recites the takbir to Allah. up to thirty-three times, the total being ninety-nine, and he said to complete the one hundredth, “There is no god but Allah Almighty, there is no partner to him, all kingdoms are his, all praise belongs to him, He is able to do everything,” then all his sins will be forgiven even if they are as much as the foam of the sea.” This hadith was narrated by Muslim.
عَنْ أَبِيْ أُمَامَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ ؛ قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ؛ مَنْ قَرَأَ آيَةَ الْكُرْسِيِّ دُبُرَ كُلِّ صَلَاةٍ مَكْتُوْبَةٍ لَمْ يَمْنَعْهُ مِنْ دُخُوْلِ الْجَنَّةِ إِلَّا الْمَوْتُ . رَوَاهُ النَّسَائِيُّ . وَزَادَ فِيْهِ الطَّبْرَانِيُّ ؛ وَقُلْ هُوَ اللهُ أَحَدٌ
From Abu Umamah radliyallaahu anhu, he said, “The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said, “Whoever reads the verse of al-Kursi after every obligatory prayer, then nothing will prevent him from entering Paradise except death.” This hadith was narrated by an-Nasa’i. ath-Thabrani added the editorial of the hadith, “And say, He is Allah Almighty (قُلْ هُوَ اللهُ أَحَدٌ).”
That is a brief explanation of dhikr Fajr and hadith about dhikr Fajr. As Muslims, we must understand that.
The fifth important thing about Fajr prayer, Fajr rakats, dhikr Fajr and dua Fajr which I will explain now is dua Fajr. I want you to understand that because it is one of the important things that must be well understood.
In general, we can say any dua Fajr. The point is that we have the right to ask Allah for anything after the Fajr prayer. But there are two main duas Fajr:
One: dua for parents.
There are many duas for parents. One of them is as follows:
اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِيْ وَلِوَالِدَيَّ وَارْحَمْهُمَا كَمَا رَبَّيَانِيْ صَغِيْرًا
O my Lord, forgive me and my parents and have mercy on them both as they raised me when I was little.
That is the dua for parents after Fajr that we must read. There are many reasons why we should read dua for parents. The main reason is because it is the duty of Muslims to do good to parents. We can find this explanation and some verses of the Quran and hadith below.
وَقَضٰى رَبُّكَ اَلَّا تَعْبُدُوْٓا اِلَّآ اِيَّاهُ وَبِالْوَالِدَيْنِ اِحْسٰنًاۗ اِمَّا يَبْلُغَنَّ عِنْدَكَ الْكِبَرَ اَحَدُهُمَآ اَوْ كِلٰهُمَا فَلَا تَقُلْ لَّهُمَآ اُفٍّ وَّلَا تَنْهَرْهُمَا وَقُلْ لَّهُمَا قَوْلًا كَرِيْمًا
And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment. Whether one or both of them reach old age [while] with you, say not to them [so much as], “uff,” and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word. (Al-Isra’ : 23).
وَاخْفِضْ لَهُمَا جَنَاحَ الذُّلِّ مِنَ الرَّحْمَةِ وَقُلْ رَّبِّ ارْحَمْهُمَا كَمَا رَبَّيٰنِيْ صَغِيْرًا
And lower to them the wing of humility out of mercy and say, “My Lord, have mercy upon them as they brought me up [when I was] small.” (Al-Isra’ : 24).
وَوَصَّيْنَا الْاِنْسَانَ بِوَالِدَيْهِۚ حَمَلَتْهُ اُمُّهٗ وَهْنًا عَلٰى وَهْنٍ وَّفِصَالُهٗ فِيْ عَامَيْنِ اَنِ اشْكُرْ لِيْ وَلِوَالِدَيْكَۗ اِلَيَّ الْمَصِيْرُ
And We have enjoined upon man [care] for his parents. His mother carried him, [increasing her] in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning is in two years. Be grateful to Me and to your parents; to Me is the [final] destination. (Luqman : 14).
عَنْ عَبْدِاللهِ بْنِ عَمْرُو رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ : جَاءَ رَجُلٌ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَسْتَأْذِنُهُ فِيْ الْجِهَادِ ، فَقَالَ : أَحَيٌّ وَالِدَاكَ ؟ ، قَالَ : نَعَمْ ، قَالَ : فَفِيْهِمَا فَجَاهِدْ
From Abdullah bin Umar radliyallahu anhuma, he said, “Someone came to the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to ask him for permission to do jihad. He then asked, “Are your parents still alive?” The person replied, “Yes.” He said, “Do good to both of them.”
عَنْ أَبِيْ هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : جَاءَ رَجُلٌ إِلَى رَسُوْلِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَالَ : يَا رَسُوْلَ اللهِ ، مَنْ أَحَقُّ النَّاسِ بِحُسْنِ صَحَابَتِيْ؟ قَالَ : أُمُّكَ ، قَالَ : ثُمَّ مَنْ ؟ قَالَ : ثُم أُمُّكَ ، قَالَ : ثُمَّ مَنْ ؟ قَالَ : ثُمَّ أُمُّكَ ، قَالَ : ثُمَّ مَنْ ؟ قَالَ : ثُمَّ أَبُوْكَ
From Abu Hurairah radliyallahu anhu, he said, “Someone came to meet the Messenger of Allah (Prophet Muhammad) sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. The person then asked, “O Messenger of Allah, who is the most deserving of my service?” He replied, “Your mother.” The person asked, “Then who else?” He replied, “Your mother.” The person then asked, “Then who else?” He replied, “Your mother.” The person then asked again, “Then who else?” He replied, “Your father.”
Two: dua that Allah will help us to always remember Allah (reading dhikr), be grateful for Allah’s blessings, and worship Allah. We can find this explanation in the hadith below:
عَنْ مُعَاذٍ بْنِ جَبَلٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ لَهُ ؛ أُوْصِيْكَ يَا مُعَاذُ لَا تَدَعَنَّ دُبُرَ كُلِّ صَلَاةٍ أَنْ تَقُوْلَ ؛ اللَّهُمَّ أَعِنِّي عَلَى ذِكْرِكَ وَشُكْرِكَ وَحُسْنِ عِبَادَتِكَ . رَوَاهُ أَحْمَدُ وَأَبُوْ دَاوُدَ وَالنَّسَائِيُّ
From Mu’adz bin Jabal radiyallahu anhu, that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had said to him, “I will instruct you, O Mu’adz, after every prayer do not leave dhikr, “O Allah, help me to remember You, be grateful for Your favors, and worship You well.” The hadith was narrated by Ahmad, Abu Daud, and an-Nasa’i.
That’s a brief explanation of dua Fajr and some important things about it”. As Muslims, we must understand that.
All readers! That is a brief explanation of Fajr prayer, Fajr rakats, dhikr Fajr and dua Fajr. Do you understand? If you want to ask, please ask!
I think that’s enough for this article. Hope it is useful. Amen.
See you again in the next article!