Prohibition of Facing Qiblah when Someone Urinates and Defecates ~ Hi all readers! In this article, I will explain one important thing related to ethics that must be maintained when we are urinating or defecating. Indeed, this topic seems trivial, but in Islam, this is very concerned, there are even specific guidelines about this.
As always, before I speak further, I will quote two hadiths that are specifically related to this topic. Pay attention!
Hadith About Prohibition of Facing Qiblah when Someone Urinates and Defecates
The hadith about prohibition of facing Qiblah when someone urinates and defecates that I mean is as follows:
عَنْ سَلْمَانَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : لَقَدْ نَهَانَا رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنْ نَسْتَقْبِلَ الْقِبْلَةَ بِغَائِطٍ أَوْ بَوْلٍ ، أَوْ نَسْتَنْجِيَ بِالْيَمِيْنِ ، أَوْ أَنْ نَسْتَنْجِيَ بِأَقَلٍّ مِنْ ثَلَاثَةِ أَحْجَارٍ ، أَوْ نَسْتَنْجِيَ بِرَجِيْعٍ أَوْ عَظْمٍ . رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ
From Salman radliyalaahu anhu, he said, “Indeed Allah’s Messenger sallallaahu alaihi wa salam has forbidden us from not facing the qiblah if we are defecating or urinating, [he forbade us] clean stool using his right hand, [he forbade us] using stones that are less than three points, [he forbade us] to cut down by using feces or bones.” The hadith is narrated by Muslim.
عَنْ أَبِيْ أَيُّوْبَ الْأَنْصَارِيِّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ : وَلَا تَسْتَقْبِلُوْا الْقِبْلَةَ بِغَائِطٍ أَوْ بَوْلٍ وَلَكِنْ شَرِّقُوْا أَوْ غَرِّبُوْا . رَوَاهُ السَّبْعَةُ
From Abu Ayyub al-Ansari radliyallaahu ‘anhu, “You must not face the Qiblah if you are defecating or urinating. But facing east or west!” The hadith is narrated by seven people (Ahmad, al-Bukhari, Muslim, at-Tirmidhi, an-Nasa’i, Abu Daud, Ibn Majah).
There are several things about the two hadith above that we need to understand;
One; The hadith above explains the prohibition on facing the Qibla or backing it when someone is defecating or urinating. That is if it is done outside the building. If it’s done inside a building, like inside a house, then it doesn’t matter. This is the opinion of Ash-Shafi’i and Malik. As for Abu Hanifah and Ahmad, whether it was done outside or inside the building, it was still not allowed.
Two; The need to face east or west applies to people in the city of Medina. As for people who are outside the city of Medina, it depends on the place. What is clear is that it should not be done with a position facing the Qiblah or backing it.
Three; The hadith explains about the possibility of cutting using stone. The amount of drinking stone used is three items, not less than that. That is the opinion of the Shafi’iyah and Hanabilah schools. As according to got Malik and Abu Hanifah, the important thing is that the stone can be used to clean the feces in the anus, even though there are only one item. And, what is recommended is the number of stones used is an odd number, such as 1, 3, 5, and so on.