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Early Tashahhud and Final Tashahhud in Prayer (Salat)

Islamic Shariah News: Early Tashahhud and Final Tashahhud (Salat) ~ Hi all readers! In previous articles I have explained a little about the early Tashahhud and the final Tashahhud. We also know the status of both in prayer. Well, in this article I will explain about the prayer that we must read in the early Tashahhud and the final Tashahhud.

As usual, before I explain the prayer, I will quote the two hadiths in my opinion related to our discussion. Pay attention!

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ مَسْعُوْدٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ ؛ إِلَتَفَتَ إِلَيْنَا رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَالَ ؛ إِذَا صَلَّى أَحَدُكُمْ فَلْيَقُلْ ؛ التَّحِيّاتَ لِلَّهِ وَالصَّلَوَاتُ وَالطَّيِّبَاتُ ، السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ ، السَّلَامُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللهِ الصَّالِحِيْنَ ، أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّداً عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُوْلُهُ. ثُمَّ لِيَتَخَيَّرْ مِنَ الدُّعَاءِ أَعْجَبَهُ إِلَيْهِ فَيَدْعُوْ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ

From Abdullah bin Mas’ud radliyallaahu ‘anhu, he said, “The Messenger of Allah sallallaahu’ alaihi wa sallam saw us then he said,” If someone of you prayed, then let him say, “All respects to Allah, all prayers (because Allah), and all praise (for Allah). May the greetings, mercy of Allah and His kindness always be poured out on you, O Prophet. May salvation always be poured upon us and to all godly servants of Allah. I testify that there is no god but Allah Almighty. There is no ally for Him. I testify that Muhammad is His servant and His messenger.” Then he (the person) chose whatever prayer he liked.” The hadith was narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.

عَنْ أَبِيْ مَسْعُوْدٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ ؛ قَالَ بَشِيْرٌ بْنُ سَعْدٍ ، يَا رَسُوْلَ اللهِ أَمَرَنَا اللهُ أَنْ نُصَلِّي عَلَيْكَ ، فَكَيْفَ نُصَلِّي عَلَيْكَ ؟ فَسَكَتَ ثُمَّ قَالَ ؛ قُوْلُوْا ؛ اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مَحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيْم ، وَبَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ ، كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيْم فِي الْعَالَمِيْنَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيْدٌ مَجِيْدٌ ، وَالسَّلَامُ كَمَا عَلِمْتُمْ . رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ

From Abi Mas’ud radliyallaahu ‘anhu, he said,” Basyir bin Sa’ad said, “O Messenger of Allah, Allah has told us that we read the prayer for you. How do we pray for you? “He was silent then said,” Say, “O Allah, give glory to Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as You have given glory to Abraham. Give blessings to Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you gave blessings to Abraham in the universe. Indeed, You are the Most Praising and Most Noble.” Then you do greetings as you know.” The hadith is narrated by Muslim.

Read;

Reading in Sitting Between Two Prostrations (Two Sujud)

Requests Heaven and Protection from Hell in Prayer (Salat)

All readers! Indeed, there is no explanation in the two hadiths that specifically explain the initial Tashahhud prayer and the final Tashahhud. But the information in both of them is what a Muslim must read. Specifically, the initial Tashahhud prayer is as follows;

التَّحِيّاتَ لِلَّهِ وَالصَّلَوَاتُ وَالطَّيِّبَاتُ ، السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ ، السَّلَامُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللهِ الصَّالِحِيْنَ ، أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّداً عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُوْلُهُ , اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مَحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ

“All respects to Allah, all prayers (because Allah), and all praise (for Allah). May the greetings, mercy of Allah and His kindness always be poured out on you, O Prophet. May salvation always be poured upon us and to all godly servants of Allah. I testify that there is no god but Allah Almighty. There is no ally for Him. I testify that Muhammad is His servant and His messenger. O Allah, give glory to Muhammad.”

While the final Tashahhud prayer is as follows;

التَّحِيّاتَ لِلَّهِ وَالصَّلَوَاتُ وَالطَّيِّبَاتُ ، السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ ، السَّلَامُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللهِ الصَّالِحِيْنَ ، أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّداً عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُوْلُهُ , اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مَحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيْم ، وَبَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ ، كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيْم فِي الْعَالَمِيْنَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيْدٌ مَجِيْدٌ

“All respects to Allah, all prayers (because Allah), and all praise (for Allah). May the greetings, mercy of Allah and His kindness always be poured out on you, O Prophet. May salvation always be poured upon us and to all godly servants of Allah. I testify that there is no god but Allah Almighty. There is no ally for Him. I testify that Muhammad is His servant and His messenger. O Messenger of Allah, Allah has told us that we read the prayer for you. How do we pray for you? “He was silent then said,” Say, “O Allah, give glory to Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as You have given glory to Abraham. Give blessings to Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you gave blessings to Abraham in the universe. Indeed, You are the Most Praising and Most Noble.”

You need to know that in the early Tashahhud and the final Tashahhud, when someone arrived at the sentence أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ, then he had to point his index finger straight right forward. That is a sign that God is only one; Allah Ta’ala. He must do that until the Tashahhud prayer is finished.

There are several things related to the two hadith above that we need to know;

One; We must not say the sentence السَّلَّامُ عَلَى اللهِ

Two; We are encouraged to say the Tashahhud prayer with an editor like that.

Three; We are granted to say any prayer after Tashahhud. That is the opinion of the majority of Islamic law experts. But according to Abu Hanifah, we must not read prayers other than the prayers taught by the Prophet Muhammad.

Four; We are encouraged to read the prayer to the Prophet Muhammad with the editor as I explained above.

That is a brief explanation of the theme of this article. Do you understand? If you want to ask, please ask!

I think that is enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!

See you again in the next article!

Reference;

Hasan Sulaiman an-Nuri and Alawi Abbas al-Maliki, Ibaanatu al-Ahkaam Syarhu Buluughi al-Maraam, Vol. I, Dar al-Fikr Publishing, Beirut, 2004, p. 330-331, and 334-335.

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