The Duration of Nifas in Hadith ~ Hi all readers! In the last few articles, I explained a little about childbirth. As we have seen that nifas (postpatrum) bleeding is blood coming out of the vagina of a woman who has given birth to a baby. If a Muslim woman is in this condition, then she cannot pray. The question is, how many days do women need? This is what we will discuss now.
As always, before I answer the question above, I will quote a hadith that is specifically related to our discussion.
Hadith About Duration of Nifas
The hadith about duration of Nifas that I mean is as follows;
عَنْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهَا قَالَتْ ؛ كَانَتْ النُّفَسَاءُ تَقْعُدُ عَلَى عَهْدِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بَعْدَ نِفَاسِهَا أَرْبَعِيْنَ يَوْمًا . رَوَاهُ الْخَمْسَةُ إِلَّا النَّسَائِيُّ وَاللَّفْظُ لِأَبِيْ دَاوُدَ . وَفِيْ لَفْظٍ لَهُ : وَلَمْ يَأْمُرْهَا النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بِقَضَاءِ صَلَاةِ النَّفَاسِ
From Umm Salamah radliyallaahu ‘anhaa, she said, “At the time of the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam the women who were experiencing postpartum sat for forty days.” The hadith is narrated by five people except an-Nasa’i. The hadith editor belongs to Abu Daud. In the editorial of another hadith explained, “The Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam did not tell her to replace the prayer.”
All readers! If we pay attention to the hadith above, then we know that usually women will experience childbirth for forty days. That’s how long sh can’t pray. But there are differences of opinion among experts on Islamic law about this;
One; The majority of Islamic law experts say that the longest time women experience childbirth is forty days.
Two; Ash-Shafi’i said, in general, women will experience childbirth for forty days and at least a short amount of time.
Three; Abu Hanifah said that the postpartum period was limited to twenty-five days.
Four; Abu Yusuf said that the time was eleven days.