Divorce in Islam and Types of Divorce in Islam

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Hi all readers! Are you looking for an explanation of divorce in Islam and types of divorce in Islam? If your answer is “Yes”, congratulations! Now you are reading the right article. Why? Because that is what I will explain in this article. As Muslims, we must understand that. That’s why I wrote this article. So, you have to read it to the end.

Specifically, there are nine important things about divorce in Islam and types of divorce in Islam which I will explain in this article. The nine important things I mean are as follows:

  1. What Does Divorce Mean in Islam?
  2. What Are the Rules of Divorce in Islam?
  3. Types of Divorce in Islam.
  4. When Divorce Is Not Valid in Islam?
  5. Can You Give Divorce by Text?
  6. Can You Give Divorce Over the Phone?
  7. Can You Give Divorce During Pregnancy?
  8. Can You Give Divorce During Ramadan?
  9. Can You Give Divorce in Anger?

What Does Divorce Mean in Islam?

The first important point about divorce in Islam and types of divorce in Islam that I will explain now is “what does divorce mean in Islam?”. I want you to understand that first because that is the basic thing about this discussion that must be understood very well. In addition, there are some Muslims who do not understand it well.

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Specifically, if you want to know “what does divorce mean in Islam??”, then understand the definition of divorce as follows:

حَلُّ عَقْدِ النِّكَاحِ بِلَفْظٍ صَرِيْحٍ أَوْ كِنَايَةٍ مَعَ النِّيَّةِ

Cancel the marriage contract (aqd an-Nikah) with clear or unclear words (satire or parable) with niyyah for divorce.

If we understand the definition of divorce, then we can conclude that divorce in Islam is annulling the marriage with clear words, such as “I am divorcing you”, or with unclear speech (innuendo or parables), such as “you are like my mother”, with niyyah for divorce.

That is a brief explanation of “what does divorce mean in Islam?”. As Muslims, we must understand that.

What Are the Rules of Divorce in Islam?

The second important point about divorce in Islam and types of divorce in Islam that I will explain now is “what are the rules of divorce in Islam?”. I want you to understand that because it is important to understand whether the divorce that a husband gives to his wife is legal or not.

If we read some Islamic legal literature on divorce, we will find an explanation that there are two rules for divorce in Islam:

One: the husband who gave the divorce was baligh, not forced, and conscious.

The first divorce rule is that the husband who gives the divorce is baligh (adult), is not forced to divorce, and is aware that it is a divorce. In other words, if your husband is immature, then he cannot divorce you. If your husband is forced or unconscious, then the divorce is invalid, unless the court is forcing it.

Two: the divorced wife in a chaste condition and not after sex.

The second rule of divorce is that the divorced wife is in a chaste condition and not after sex. In other words, if you are in an impure condition, such as if you are menstruating or postpartum, or if you have had sex with your husband, then the divorce is legal but it is haram: your husband should not give you a divorce if you are menstruating, postpartum, or after sex.

That is a brief explanation of “what are the rules of divorce in Islam?”. As Muslims, we must understand that.

Types of Divorce in Islam

The third important point about “ivorce in Islam and the types of divorce in Islam which I will explain now is “ypes of divorce in Islam. I want you to understand that because there are some Muslims who don’t understand it well and completely.

In general, we can understand the types of divorce in Islam in two ways:

One: permissible divorce and permissible divorce.

Two: irrevocable divorce and irrevocable divorce.

The types of divorce that are permissible and those that are not allowed are as follows:

One: sunnah divorce or sunni divorce.

What is meant by sunnah divorce or sunni divorce is divorce that is carried out under permissible conditions, such as when the wife is not menstruating, and not after sex.

Two: bid’ah divorce or bid’i divorce (divorce done under conditions that are not allowed).

What is meant by sunnah divorce or sunni divorce is divorce that is carried out under conditions that are not allowed, such as when the wife is menstruating and after sex.

One: divorce raj’i.

What is meant by raj’i divorce is the first divorce and the second divorce. If the husband gives raj’i divorce to his wife, then the divorce can be annulled without

Two: divorce.

That is a brief explanation of “types of divorce in Islam”. As Muslims, we must understand that.

When Divorce Is Not Valid in Islam?

The fourth important point about divorce in Islam and types of divorce in Islam which I will explain now is “when divorce is not valid in Islam?”. I want you to understand that well because not all divorces that a husband gives to his wife are valid divorces.

In general, if we read several Islamic legal literatures, we will find an explanation that the conditions for a valid divorce are if the adult husband is consciously and not forced to pronounce divorce (clear or parable) with niyyah to divorce. If the husband does that, then the divorce he pronounces is a legal divorce.

In other words, if you ask me, “when divorce is not valid in Islam?”, then, the answer is as follows:

One: if the husband who pronounces divorce is not yet an adult (not baligh).

Two: if the husband is forced to pronounce divorce and the force is not the court.

Three: if the husband unknowingly pronounces divorce.

Four: if the sentence for divorce is spoken not with niyyah for divorce or not with niyyah for divorce.

That’s a brief explanation of “when divorce is not valid in Islam?”. As Muslims, we must understand that.

Can You Give Divorce by Text?

The fifth important point about divorce in Islam and types of divorce in Islam which I will explain now is “can you give divorce by text?”. I want you to understand that because there are some Muslims who do that and there are some other Muslims who don’t understand it very well.

In general, divorce is given by a husband to his wife with words. An example is when a husband says to his wife, “I am divorcing you.” Speech is something that is clear and can be understood well. But not with text. According to the majority of Islamic jurists, the text is not a clear expression. Text is another form of expression and has the disadvantage of not being able to be understood clearly.

Thus, the divorce given with the text will be valid if there is a niyyah for divorce. In other words, if you write a divorce sentence to your wife with niyyah for divorce, then the divorce is valid. But if there is no niyyah for divorce, then it is invalid.

That’s a short explanation of “can you give divorce by text?”. As Muslims, we must understand that.

Read Also:

What Are the Rules of Marriage in Islam?

Can You Give Divorce Over the Phone?

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Founder, Author, Indonesian Blogger, Muslim, Graduate of Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

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