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Definition of Zakat and Eight Important Hadiths About It

Guidelines Islamic Shariah: Definition of Zakat and Eight Important Hadiths About It ~ Hi readers! Do you want to know the definition of Zakat? Do you want to know some important hadiths about Zakat? If your answer to the two questions is “Yes”, congratulations! Now you are reading the right article. In this article I will explain it all. So, keep reading!

Definition of Zakat

If we read Islamic literature on Zakat, then we will find two definitions of Zakat;

First; Zakat in the sense of language is to purify, correct, and so on.

Second; Zakat in the meaning of Sharia is the name for an asset or object that is paid for by a certain mechanism.

Read;

Why Zakat Is Very Important to Muslims? This!

The Virtues of Zakat Al-Fitr

You must know that Zakat is one of the important rituals in Islam. In general, there are two types of Zakat; Zakat for property and Zakat al-Fitr. Islam has obliged Zakat on assets in the year 2 hijria, after Zakat al-Fitr. I’ve explained a lot about it in the previous articles.

Eight Important Hadiths About Zakat

There are actually a lot of hadiths that explain Zakat. But some of the important hadiths about Zakat that we should know are as follows;

بُنِيَ الْإِسْلَامُ عَلَى خَمْسٍ : شَهَادَةِ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُوْلُ اللهِ , وَإِقَامِ الصَّلَاةِ , وَإِيْتَاءِ الزَّكَاةِ , وَصَوْمِ رَمَضَانَ , وَحِجِّ الْبَيْتِ لِمَنْ اِسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيْلًا

Islam is built on five foundations; testimony that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, performing prayers, paying Zakat, fasting in the month of Ramadan, visiting the Baitullah (Hajj) for those who are able to travel there.

عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمِا : أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بَعَثَ مُعَاذًا إِلَى الْيَمَنِ – فَذَكَرَ الْحَدِيْثَ – وَفِيْهِ : إِنَّ اللهَ فَرَضَ عَلَيْهِمْ صَدَقَةً فِيْ أَمْوَالِهِمْ تُؤْخَذُ مِنْ أَغْنِيَائِهِمْ وَتُرَدُّ إِلَى فُقَرَائِهِمْ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ

From Ibn Abbas radliyyallahu anhuma, that the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had sent Mua’adz to Yemen – he then mentioned his hadith. In the hadith there is a statement, “That indeed Allah has required them to pay zakat for their assets. (Zakat) is taken from those who are rich and given to those who are poor.” The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.

عَنْ مُعَاذٍ بْنِ جَبَلٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ : أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بَعَثَهُ إِلَى الْيَمَنِ فَأَمَرَهُ أَنْ يَأْخُذَ مِنْ كُلِّ ثَلَاثِيْنَ بَقَرَةً تَبِيْعًا أَوْتَبِيْعَةً , وَمِنْ كُلِّ أَرْبَعِيْنَ مُسَنَّةً , وَمِنْ كُلِّ حَالِمٍ دِيْنَارًا – عَدَلُهُ مُعَافِرِيًّا – . رَوَاهُ الْخَمْسَةُ

From Mu’adz bing Jabal radliyallahu anhu, that the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had sent him to go to Yemen. He told Mu’adz to take one male calf or one female calf as zakat for every thirty cows, and one female cow older than two years as zakat for every forty cows, and one Dinar as tax from each adult —Or according to the price of clothes. The hadith is narrated by five people (Ahmad, Abu Daud, at-Tirmidhi, an-Nasa’I, Ibn Majah).

عَنْ اِبْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ : فَرَضَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ زَكَاةَ الْفِطْرِ طُهْرَةً لِلصَّائِمِ مِنَ اللَّغْوِ وَالرَّفَثِ وَطُعْمَةً لِلْمَسَاكِيْنِ , فَمَنْ أَدَّاهَا قَبْلَ الصَّلَاةِ فَهِيَ زَكَاةٌ مَقْبُوْلَةٌ وَمَنْ أَدَّاهَا بَعْدَ الصَّلَاةِ فَهِيَ صَدَقَةٌ مِنَ الصَّدَقَاتِ . رَوَاهُ أَبُوْ دَاوُدَ وَ اِبْنُ مَاجَهْ

From Ibn Abbas radliyallahu anhuma, he said, “The messenger of Allah sallallallahu alayhi wa sallam has obliged Zakat al-Fitr to purify those who fast from all things that are not useful, from bad words, and to feed poor people. Whoever pays it before the Eid al-Fitr prayer, it is the Zakat received. But whoever pays for it after Eid prayers, then it is usual alms.” The hadith was narrated by Abu Daud and Ibn Majah.

عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ : فَرَضَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ زَكَاةَ الْفِطْرِ صَاعًا مِنْ تَمْرٍ – أَوْ صَاعًا مِنْ شَعِيْرٍ – عَلَى الْعَبْدِ وَالْحُرِّ وَالذَّكَرِ وَالْأُنْثَى وَالصَّغِيْرِ وَالْكَبِيْرِ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِيْنَ , وَأَمَرَ بِهَا أَنْ تُؤَدَّى قَبْلَ خُرُوْجِ النَّاسِ إِلَى الصَّلَاةِ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ

From Ibn Umar radliyallahu anhuma, he said, “The messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam has required Zakat Fitr of one Sha’ of dates – or one Sha’ of wheat – to a slave, a free man, woman, small child and old people from Muslims. He ordered that it be given before people leave the house to pray Eid (Eid al-Fitr). “The hadith was narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.

عَنْ عَلِيٍّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : إِذَا كَانَتْ لَكَ مِائَتَا دِرْهَمٍ وَحَالَ عَلَيْهَا الْحَوْلُ فَفِيْهَا خَمْسَةُ دَرَاهِمَ , وَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكَ شَيْئٌ حَتَّى يَكُوْنَ لَكَ عِشْرُوْنَ دِيْنَاراً وَحَالَ عَلَيْهَا الْحَوْلُ فَفِيْهَا نِصْفُ دِيْنَارٍ فَمَا زَادَهَا فَبِحِسَابِ ذَلِكَ , وَلَيْسَ فِيْ مَالِ زَكَاةٍ حَتَّى يَحُوْلَ عَلَيْهِ الْحَوْلُ . رَوَاهُ أَبُوْ دَاوُدَ

From Ali radliyallahu anhu, he said, “The Messenger of Allah (Prophet Muhammad) sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, “If you have two hundred Dirhams and the money has reached one year, then there is an obligation to pay zakat of five Dirhams in the money. You have no obligation until you have twenty Dinars. If the money has reached one year, then there is an obligation to pay zakat of half the Dinar in the money. If the money has increased, then only multiplies need to be multiplied. There is no obligation to pay zakat for a treasure until the treasure reaches one year.” The hadith is narrated by Abu Daud.

عَنْ أَبِيْ هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ : وَفِي الرِّكَازِ الْخُمُسُ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ

From Abu Hurairah radliyallahu anhu, that the Messenger of Allah (Prophet Muhammad) sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, “And in treasure there is an obligation to pay zakat of 1/5.” The hadith was narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ أَبِيْ أَوْفَى قَالَ : كَانَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِذَا أَتَاهُ قَوْمٌ بِصَدَقَتِهِمْ قَالَ : اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَيْهِمْ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ

From Abdullah bin Abi Aufa, he said, “If there is a group of people coming to Allah’s Messenger (Prophet Muhammad) sallallahu alaihi wa sallam to pay zakat, then he prayed, “O my Lord, give mercy to them.” The hadith is narrated by al -Bukhari and Muslim.

Readers all! That’s a brief explanation of the definition of Zakat and eight important hadiths about it. Do you understand? If you have any questions, please ask!

I think that’s all for this article. May be useful. Amen!

See you again in the next article!

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