The Definition of Ablution Wudu

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The definition of ablution (wudu) ~ Hi readers!! In this article, I will invite you all to know the ablution (wudu) and the various laws. In Islamic teachings, ablution (wudu) has a very important role. That’s because there are so many religious rituals that should not be done without it. That is, ablution (wudu) here becomes the prerequisite that must be done by a Muslim before performing these religious rituals.

Ablution (wudu) in the language sense is, use water to then be put on some limbs. The understanding according to the Islamic Sharia is, using holy water to then be placed on the four members of the body (washing faces, two hands, two legs, and rubbing some of the head of hair) with a certain mechanism that has been established by Islamic Sharia.

Basically, the ablution (wudu) is Sunah. However, the law was changed to mandatory if the ablution (wudu) was a condition for compulsory worship, such as prayer and so on. Allah said;

ٱلۡيَوۡمَ أُحِلَّ لَكُمُ ٱلطَّيِّبَٰتُۖ وَطَعَامُ ٱلَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ ٱلۡكِتَٰبَ حِلّٞ لَّكُمۡ وَطَعَامُكُمۡ حِلّٞ لَّهُمۡۖ وَٱلۡمُحۡصَنَٰتُ مِنَ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنَٰتِ وَٱلۡمُحۡصَنَٰتُ مِنَ ٱلَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ ٱلۡكِتَٰبَ مِن قَبۡلِكُمۡ إِذَآ ءَاتَيۡتُمُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّ مُحۡصِنِينَ غَيۡرَ مُسَٰفِحِينَ وَلَا مُتَّخِذِيٓ أَخۡدَانٖۗ وَمَن يَكۡفُرۡ بِٱلۡإِيمَٰنِ فَقَدۡ حَبِطَ عَمَلُهُۥ وَهُوَ فِي ٱلۡأٓخِرَةِ مِنَ ٱلۡخَٰسِرِينَ ٥

 This day (all) the good things are allowed to you; and the food of those who have been given the Book is lawful for you and your food is lawful for them; and the chaste from among the believing women and the chaste from among those who have been given the Book before you (are lawful for you); when you have given them their dowries, taking (them) in marriage, not fornicating nor taking them for paramours in secret; and whoever denies faith, his work indeed is of no account, and in the hereafter he shall be one of the losers. (Al-Maa’idah [5]; 5).

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Wudu in Islam

Allah’s Messenger shallallahu alaihi wa sallam said;

لَا يَقْبَلُ اللهُ صَلَاةَ أَحَدِكُمْ إِذَا أَحْدَثَ حَتَّى يَتَوَضَّأَ

Allah does not accept one of your prayers if he has hadats until he does ablution (wudu).

In the view of Islamic law, as a whole, the law of wudlu has five kinds;

First; Fardlu (Required).

The law of doing wudhu can be a must for the person who has hadas if he wants to perform the prayer, either the obligatory prayer or the suggested prayer (sunnah). It is based on the verses of the Qur’an and the hadith of Muhammad that I have mentioned above. In addition, also for people who want to touch the Qur’an though a single verse, whether written in the book of the Qur’an, paper, or walls. Allah said;

لَّا يَمَسُّهُۥٓ إِلَّا ٱلۡمُطَهَّرُونَ ٧٩

None shall touch it save the purified ones. (AL-Waaqi’ah [56]; 79).

Allah’s Messenger shallallahu alaihi wa sallam said;

لَا يَمَسُّ الْقُرْآنَ إِلَّا طَاهِرٌ
One can not touch the Quran except the one who is pure. [The hadith is narrated by Ad-Darimi, 2266, Ibnu Hibban, 6559, Ad-Daruquthni, 433.].

Second; Wajib (compulsory).

Wajib law applies to the person doing the Thawaf.

Third; Mandub (recommended).

This law applies to many conditions. Among them;

One; Doing ablution (wudu) every one will perform the prayer.

Prophet Muhammad said;

لَوْ لَا أَنْ أَشُقَّ عَلَى أُمَّتِيْ لَأَمَرْتُهُمْ عِنْدَ كُلِّ صَلَاةٍ بِوُضُوْءٍ وَمَعَ كُلِّ وُضُوْءِ بِسِوَاكٍ

If I did not burden my people, then I would order them to do wudhu every time to perform prayers, and after every performed prayer to do siwak. [The hadith is narrated by Ahmad, 7513, an-Nasa’i, 3027.].

Two; When one wants to touch religious books, such as books of exegesis, hadith, and so forth.

Three; When someone is going to sleep and after waking up.

Four; When someone is angry, because ablution (wudu) can quell anger.

Five; When someone wants to do the adhan and iqamah. And so forth.

Fourth; Makruh (better not to be done).

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Founder, Author, Indonesian Blogger, Muslim, Graduate of Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

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