Legality of Declares Someone’s Death

Learning Islamic Rule: Hi all readers! In this article I will explain the legality of declares someone’s death. Declares someone’s death is to tell others that someone has died. The question is is that permissible in Islam?

As usual, before I explain the legality of declares someone’s death, I will quote one hadith that is specifically related to our discussion. The hadith I mean is as follows;

عَنْ أَبِيْ هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ نَعَى النَّجَاشِيَّ فِيْ الْيَوْمِ الَّذِيْ مَاتَ فِيْهِ وَخَرَجَ بِهِمْ إِلَى الْمُصَلَّى فَصَفَّ بِهِمْ ، وَكَبَّرَ عَلَيْهِ أَرْبَعًا . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ

From Abu Hurairah radliyallahu ‘anhu, that the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam announced the death of king Najasyi on the day of his death. He then went out to the prayer room with his friends. He then prayed with them. He said four times. The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.


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There are some important things about the above hadith that we need to know;

  1. The hadith explains, that we are allowed to declares someone’s death. The aim is that the person who has died be prepared before he is buried; bathed and so on.
  2. The hadith explains that we are allowed to do Janazah prayer indirectly for people who have died.
  3. The hadith explains about the miracles of the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. He announced the death of King Najasyi who was in Habasyah, even though at that time he was in Medina; two very far away places.
  4. The hadith explains the glory of King Najasyi.

All Readers! That is a brief explanation of the legality of declares someone’s death. Do you understand? If you want to ask, please ask!

I think that is enough for this article. May be useful!

See you again in the next article!


Hasan Sulaiman an-Nuri and Alawi Abbas al-Maliki, Ibaanatu al-Ahkaam Syarhu Buluughi al-Maraam, Vol. II, Dar al-Fikr Publishing, Beirut, 2004, p. 174.


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