Is Islam Allowed Children to Become Imam in Prayer? ~ Hi all readers! In this article I will explain the status of a small child who is imam in prayer; allowed or not? As Muslims, we must know about it, because there is a special standard that a person must have to become imam in prayer.
As always, before I explain the legality of children to become Imam in prayer, I will quote one hadith that is specifically related to our discussion.
Hadith About Children Become Imam in Prayer (Salat)
عَنْ عَمْرُو بْنِ سَلَمَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ ؛ جِئْتُكُمْ مِنْ عِنْدِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ حَقًّا قَالَ ؛ فَإِذَا حَضَرَتْ الصَّلَاةُ فَلْيُؤَذِّنَ أَحَدُكُمْ وَلْيَؤُمَّكُمْ أَكْثَرُكُمْ قُرآنًا . قَالَ ؛ فَنَظَرُوْا فَلَمْ يَكُنْ أَحَدٌ أَكَثَرَ مِنِّي قُرْآنًا فَقَدَّمُوْنِيْ وَأَنَا اِبْنُ سِتٍّ أَوْ سَبْعُ سِنِيْنَ . رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ وَأَبُوْ دَاوُدَ وَالنَّسَائِيُّ
From ‘Amru bin Salimah radliyallaahu ‘anhu, he said, “I come from the side of the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam who is right to you to you. He said, “If the prayer time has arrived, then let one of you do adhan and the person who memorizes the Qur’an to become Imam. Amru bin Salimah said, “They then saw. There is no one who learns the Qur’an most often from me. They then told me to become a priest, even though I was six or seven years old.” The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari, Abu Daud, and an-Nasa’i.
There are several important things related to the hadith above that we must know;
One; The hadith recommends that someone do adhan if the prayer time has arrived.
Two; Being Imam is better than doing adhan, but those two things are both good. That is because the person who has the most right to become a priest is the person who memorizes Qur’an the mostly.
Three; The hadith explains, that small children may be priests in prayer. That is the opinion of ash-Shafi’i. According to Malik, that cannot be done. But Abu Hanifah and Ahmad allow that in sunnah prayers, not obligatory prayers.
That is a brief explanation of children become Imam in prayer. Do you understand? If you want to ask, please ask!
I think that is enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!
See you again in the next article!
Hasan Sulaiman an-Nuri and Alawi Abbas al-Maliki, Ibaanatu al-Ahkaam Syarhu Buluughi al-Maraam, Vol. II, Dar al-Fikr Publishing, Beirut, 2004, p. 18-19.