Hi all readers! Are you looking for an explanation of “can you do wudu without a shirt?”? If your answer is “Yes”, congratulations! Now you are reading the right article. Why? Because that’s what I’m going to explain now. As Muslims, we must understand that. That’s why I wrote this article. So, you have to read it to the end.
Specifically, there are four important points about “can you do wudu without a shirt?” which will be explained in this article. The four important things I mean are as follows:
- Wudu as Worship in Islam.
- Obligations and Recommendations in Wudu.
- Ethics of Wudu.
- Can You Do Wudu Without a Shirt?
Wudu as Worship in Islam
The first important thing about “can you do wudu without a shirt?” what I will explain now is “wudu as worship in Islam”. I want you to understand that before you read any further explanation in this article because it is one of the important things about wudu that some Muslims may not understand well.
One important thing I want to make clear before I explain the status of wudu as worship in Islam is that all things that can complete worship in Islam are worship. In Islam, wudu is one of the conditions that must be done by Muslims if they are going to perform obligatory worship and recommended worship that requires them to be in a holy condition.
Some examples of obligatory worship and recommended worship that require Muslims to be in a holy condition before doing so are the obligatory prayers (Fajr, Dhuhr, Asr, Maghrib, and Isha), sunnah prayers (Duhah, Witr, Tahajjuj, Qabliyah, Ba’diyah, and so on), reading the Quran, Tawaf, and so on.
Thus, wudu is one of the conditions that determine the validity of the worship. Why? Because wudu can remove minor hadas that can damage the sanctity of Muslims. In other words, wudu is one of the things that can purify them.
مَا لَا يَتِمُّ الْوَاجِبُ إِلَّا بِهِ فَهُوَ وَاجِبٌ
Something which an obligation cannot be perfected except by that, then it becomes an obligation.
In Islam, wudu has many virtues. We can find an explanation of some of the virtues of wudu in the two hadiths below:
عَنْ أَبِيْ هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : سَمِعْتُ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُوْلُ : إِنَّ أُمَّتِيْ يَأْتُوْنَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ غُرَّا مُحَجَّلِيْنَ مِنْ أَثَرِ الْوُضُوْءِ ، فَمَنْ اِسْتَطَاعَ مِنْكُمْ أَنْ يُطِيْلَ غُرَّتَهُ فَلْيَفْعَلْ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ
From Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu, he said, “I have heard the Messenger of Allah (Prophet Muhammad) sallallahu alayhi wa sallam say, “Verily my Ummah on the Day of Judgment will come with white light on all members of wudu (the limbs that are washed and rubbed in wudu) from the former wudu. Whoever of you is able to extend his white light, let him do that.” This hadith was narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
عَنْ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ :مَا مِنْكُمْ مِنْ أَحَدٍ يَتَوَضَّأُ فَيُسْبِغُ الْوُضُوْءَ ثُمَّ يَقُوْلُ : أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُوْلُهُ , إِلَّا فُتِحَتْ لَهُ أَبْوَابُ الْجَنَّةِ الثَّمَانِيَّةِ يَدْخُلُ مِنْ أَيِّهَا شَاءَ . أَخْرَجَهُ مُسْلِمٌ وَالتِّرْمِذِيُّ وَزَادَ : اَللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِيْ مِنَ التَّوَّابِيْنَ وَاجْعَلْنِيْ مِنَ الْمُتَطَهِّرِيْنَ
From Umar radliyallahu anhu, he said, “The Messenger of Allah alaihi wa sallam said, “It is not one of you who performs wudu then perfects it, then says, “I testify that there is no god but Allah who has no partner, and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger, “except the eight doors of Heaven have been opened for him. He can enter any door he wants.” The hadith is narrated by Muslim and at-Tirmidhi. He (at-Tirmidhi) added another editor, “O Allah, make me among those who repent and make me including those who are cleansed.”
That is a brief explanation of wudu as worship in Islam. As Muslims, we must understand that.
Obligations and Recommendations in Wudu
The second important thing about “can you do wudu without a shirt?” what I will explain now is “the obligations and recommendations in wudu”. I want you to understand that so you know what you have to do in wudu and what it is recommended that you do it in wudu.
In general, we can find an explanation of the obligations and recommendations for wudu in the hadith below:
عَنْ حَمْرَانَ : أَنَّ عُثْمَانَ دَعَا بِوُضُوْءٍ فَغَسَلَ كَفَّيْهِ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ ثُمَّ تَمَضْمَضَ وَاسْتَنْشَقَ وَاسْتَنْثَرَ ثُمَّ غَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ ثُمَّ غَسَلَ يَدَهُ الْيُمْنَى إِلَى الْمِرْفَقِ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ ثُمَّ الْيُسْرَى مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ ، ثُمَّ مَسَحَ بِرَأْسِهِ ، ثُمَّ غَسَلَ رِجْلَهُ الْيُمْنَى إِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ ، ثُمَّ الْيُسْرَى مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ ، ثُمَّ قَالَ : رَأَيْتُ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ تَوَضَّأَ نَحْوَ وُضُوْئِيْ هَذَا . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ
From Hamran, that Uthman performed wudu. He washed his palms three times. Then he rinsed his mouth, put a little water in his nose and let the water out of his nose. Then he washed his face three times. Then he washed his right hand up to the elbow three times. Then his left hand is like that (like his right hand). Then he rubbed his head. Then he washed his right foot up to the ankle three times. Then his left leg like that. then he said, “I have seen the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam performing wudu like this wudu.” The hadith was narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
The explanation in the hadith above is a general explanation of the obligations and recommendations in wudu. In the hadith above, it is explained what the Prophet Muhammad had done when he was doing wudu.
Specifically, if we read some Islamic legal literature on wudu, then we will find an explanation that the obligations in wudu are as follows:
One: niyyah for wudu.
Two: washing the face.
Three: washing two hands up to two elbows.
Four: brushing some of the hair of the head.
Five: wipe two earlobe.
Six: wash two feet to two ankles.
Those are the six obligations in wudu. What it means is that Muslims have to do it all while they are performing wudu. If there is one of the obligations in wudu that they do not perform, then their wudu is invalid.
The recommendations for wudu are as follows:
One: washing two palms before wudu.
Three: doing istinsyaq (inhaling some water) and instinsyar (removing the water that has been inhaled).
Four: brush all the hair of the head.
Five: pray after wudu.
Six: siwak after wudu.
Those are the six suggestions in wudu. It means that the people
Muslims are encouraged to do it all. If they do that, then they will get an extra reward. But if they don’t do that, then they are innocent and their wudu is valid.
That is a brief explanation of the obligations and recommendations in wudu. As Muslims, we must understand that.