Hi all readers! Are you looking for an explanation about “can we pray Witr without Qunoot?”? If your answer is “Yes”, congratulations! Now you are reading the right article. Why? Because that is what I will explain in this article. As Muslims, we must understand that. That’s why I wrote this article. So, you should read it to the end!
Specifically, there are three important points about “can we pray Witr without Qunoot?” which I will explain in this article. The three important things I mean are as follows:
Is Qunoot Compulsory in Witr?
The first important thing about “can we pray Witr without Qunoot?” what I will explain now is “is Qunoot compulsory in Witr?”. I want you to understand that first before you read more explanations in this article because that is one of the important things in this discussion that must be understood well.
One of the terms of obligation in Islam is fard. The writing is فَرْضٌ.
Obligation or fard (فَرْضٌ) is the legal status of something that must be done. In Islamic legal literacy, there are two types of obligations or fard (فَرْضٌ):
One: fard ‘ain (فَرْضُ الْعَيْنِ). Fard ‘ain is the legal status of something that must be done by all Muslims who have matured (baaligh) and are intelligent (not crazy Muslims, fainted and so on). One example is the obligatory prayers five times every day (Fajr, Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib, and Isha).
Two: fard kifayah (فَرْضُ الْكِفَايَةِ). Fard kifayah is the legal status of something that must be done by some Muslims. If no Muslim does it, then all Muslims are sinful. One example is the Janazah prayer.
In Islam, dua Qunoot is a dua that is read during I’tidal or after bowing. Usually Muslims recite the dua Qunoot when they perform Fajr and Witr prayers. But the question is, “Is Qunoot an obligation in Witr and Fajr?”
If we read some Islamic legal literature, we will find an explanation that Qunoot is not compulsory in Witr and Fajr. The reason is because sometimes Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam reads the dua Qunoot readings and sometimes doesn’t read the dua Qunoot. We can find this explanation in the two hadiths below:
عَنْ أَنَسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ كَانَ قَنِتَ شَهْرًا , بَعْدَ رُكُوْعٍ , يَدَعْوُا عَلَى أَحْيَاءٍ مِنَ الْعَرَبِ ثُمَّ تَرَكَهُ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ
From Anas radliyallahu anhu, “That the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallahu alaihi wa sallam did Qunoot for one month, after bowing. He prayed to defeat a group of Arabs, then he left (did not do Qunoot).” The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
وَلِأَحْمَدَ وَالدَّارُقُطْنِيِّ وَنَحْوِهِ مِنْ وَجْهٍ آخَرٍ , وَزَادَ : وَأَمَّا فِيْ الصُّبْحِ فَلَمْ يَزَلْ يَقْنَتُ حَتَّى فَارَقَ الدُّنْيَا
Ahmad and ad-Darquthni have a history of the same hadith but from other transmission lines. There is an additional editorial hadith, “As for Fajr prayer, he always performs Qunoot until he dies.”
That is a brief explanation of “is Qunoot compulsory in Witr?”. As Muslims, we must understand that.
Can We Pray Witr without Qunoot?
The second important point about “can we pray Witr without Qunoot?” what I’m going to explain now is a specific answer. I want you to understand that because that is the main discussion in this article that should be well understood. So, I hope you guys read it well.
In the previous few paragraphs, I already explained that Qunoot is not an obligation in Witr. I hope you understand the explanation so that you understand this explanation.
So, specifically, I want to say that we can pray Witr without Qunoot. The Witr prayer that we do is still valid even without Qunoot because it is a recommendation, not an obligation. The obligations in Witr are the obligations in prayer. I think we all understand that. So, I will not explain it all here.
That is a brief explanation of “can we pray Witr without Qunoot?”. As Muslims, we must understand that.