Can a Menstruating Woman Take a Shower (Ghusl)? Read This!

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Can a Menstruating Woman Take a Shower (Ghusl)? ~ Hi all readers! In this article, I will explain one of the Islamic laws regarding menstruation. In particular, the explanation in this article relates to Muslim woman. One of the Islamic laws regarding menstruation that I mean is “Can a menstruating woman take a shower (ghusl)?”. So, if you are a Muslim woman, or you are a Muslim man who wants to know more about menstruation according to Islam, then you must read this article to the end.

Specifically, there are four important points about “Can a menstruating woman take a shower (ghusl)?” which I will explain in this article. The four important things I mean are as follows:

  1. Basic Explanation of a Menstruating Woman.
  2. Prohibitions for a Menstruating Woman.
  3. Things that Are Permissible for a Menstruating Woman.
  4. Can a Menstruating Woman Take a Shower (Ghusl)?

Basic Explanation of a Menstruating Woman

The first important thing about “Can a menstruating woman take a shower (ghusl)?” what I will explain here is a basic explanation of a menstruating woman. I want you to understand that so you can understand the focus of the discussion in this article.

In general, menstruation is a normal condition for woman. But in Islamic legal literacy, menstruation is one of the reasons a Muslim woman has a big hadas. That’s why if a Muslim woman has a big hadas, then she should not do some things that are obligatory and recommended in Islam.

Therefore, before I explain the answer to the question “Can a menstruating woman take a shower (ghusl)?”, firstly, I will explain the prohibitions and things that are permissible for a menstruating woman in the following discussions. The goal is for you to have a complete understanding of it.

Prohibitions for a Menstruating Woman

The second important thing about “Can a menstruating woman take a shower (ghusl)?” What I will explain here are the prohibitions for a menstruating woman. In general, if we read Islamic legal literacy regarding menstruation, we will find an explanation of the prohibitions for menstruating woman as follows:

One: wudu and Janaba bath.

According to the opinion of Shafiiyah and Hanabilah, menstruating woman are not allowed to perform ablution and bathe in Janabah. The reason is that the purpose of wudu and bathing in Janabah is to purify the body from minor hadas and major hadas. A menstruating woman who performs ablution and bathes in Janabah will not be able to do that because she will continue to have major hadas before her period is over.

Read: Taking Shower During Period

So, it will be in vain if a menstruating woman performs wudu and Janabah bath.

Two: prayer (salat).

The second prohibition for a menstruating woman is prayer (salat). We can find this explanation in the hadith below.

قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : إِذَا أقْبَلَتِ الحَيْضَةُ، فَدَعِي الصَّلَاةَ، وإذَا أدْبَرَتْ، فَاغْسِلِي عَنْكِ الدَّمَ وصَلِّي

Allah’s Messenger (Prophet Muhammad) sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, “If menstruation has come, then do not pray. If it (menstruation) has gone, then clean the menstrual blood and pray.”

Three: touch the Quran.

The third prohibition for a menstruating woman is touching the Quran. We can find this explanation in the Quran below.

لَّا يَمَسُّهُ إِلَّا الْمُطَهَّرُونَ

Do not touch it except those who are purified. (Al-Waqi’ah: 79).

Four: Tawaf.

The fourth prohibition for a menstruating woman is Tawaf. We can find this explanation in the hadith below.

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ تَعَالَى عَنْهَا قَالَتْ ؛ لَمَّا جِئْنَا سَرِفْ حِضْتُ . فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : اِفْعَلِيْ مَا يَفْعَلُ الْحَاجُّ غَيْرَ أَنْ لَا تَطُوْفِيْ فِيْ الْبَيْتِ حَتَّى تَطْهُرِي . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ

From Aisah radliyallaahu Taala anhaa, she said, “When we arrived at Sarif, I was on my period. The Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam then said, “Do something that is usually done by people who perform Hajj, but you do not perform tawaf in the Baitul Haram until you are pure.” This hadith was narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.

Five: have sex.

The fifth prohibition for a menstruating woman is to have sex. We can find this explanation in the Quran and the hadith below.

وَيَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الْمَحِيضِ قُلْ هُوَ أَذًى فَاعْتَزِلُوا النِّسَاءَ فِي الْمَحِيضِ وَلَا تَقْرَبُوهُنَّ حَتَّىٰ يَطْهُرْنَ ۖ فَإِذَا تَطَهَّرْنَ فَأْتُوهُنَّ مِنْ حَيْثُ أَمَرَكُمُ اللَّهُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ التَّوَّابِينَ وَيُحِبُّ الْمُتَطَهِّرِينَ

They ask you about menstruation. Say, “Menstruation is something dirty.” That is why you should stay away from woman when they are menstruating. And do not approach them until they are pure. If they are pure, then come to them where Allah has commanded you. Verily, Allah loves those who repent and those who purify themselves.” (Al-Baqarah: 222).

عَنْ أَنَسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ، أَنَّ الْيَهُوْدَ كَانَتْ إِذَا حَاضَتْ الْمَرْأَةُ لَمْ يُؤَاكِلُوْهَا ، فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : اِصْنَعُوْا كُلَّ شَيْءٍ إِلَّا النِّكَاحَ . رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ

From Anas radliyallaahu anhu, that if the wife of a Jew is menstruating, then she will not eat with her. The Prophet (Muhammad) sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said, “Do everything except sex.” This hadith was narrated by Muslim.

Six: I’tikaf.

The sixth prohibition for menstruating woman is I’tikaf. We can find this explanation in the hadith below.

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهَا قَالَتْ : قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : إِنِّيْ لَا أُحِلُّ الْمَسْجِدَ لِحَائِضٍ وَلَا جُنُبٍ . رَوَاهُ أَبُوْ دَاوُدَ

From Aisha radliyallaahu anhaa, she said, “The Messenger of Allah (Prophet Muhammad) sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam has said, “Indeed I do not allow woman who are menstruating and people who are junub to stay in the mosque.” This hadith was narrated by Abu Dawud.

Seven: fasting (shaum).

The seventh prohibition for menstruating woman is fasting (shaum). We can find this explanation in the hadith below.

عَنْ أَبِيْ سَعِيْدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ : أَلَيْسَ إِذَا حَاضَتْ لَمْ تُصَلِّ وَلَمْ تَصُمْ

From Abu Sa’id al-Khudri radliyallahu anhu from the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam, he said, “Isn’t if she is menstruating then she does not pray and does not fast.”

Eight: divorced.

The eighth prohibition for menstruating woman is divorce. We can find this explanation in the hadith below.

عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، أنَّهُ طَلَّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ، وَهي حَائِضٌ في عَهْدِ رَسُوْلِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وسلَّمَ، فَسَأَلَ عُمَرُ بنُ الخَطَّابِ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنْ ذَلِكَ، فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : مُرْهُ فَلْيُرَاجِعْهَا

From Ibn Umar, that he had divorced his wife when she was menstruating during the time of the Messenger of Allah (Prophet Muhammad) sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Umar bin Khattab then asked about it to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Allah’s Messenger sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam then said to him, “Order him to return to his wife…”

Those are the eight prohibitions for menstruating woman according to Islamic law that must be understood by Muslims.

Things that are permissible for a Menstruating Woman

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