Readings in Bowing (Rukuk) and Prostration (Sujud) in Prayer (Salat) ~ Hi all readers! In this article, I will explain about reading in bowing (rukuk) and prostration (sujud) when someone is praying. Besides that, I will also explain the status of the readings; mandatory or recommended. As Muslims, we must know about it, because that is what we read in our prayers.
As always, before I explain the hadith about readings in bowing (Rukuk) and prostration (Sujud) in prayer (Salat) further, I will quote a hadith that is specifically related to our discussion.
Hadith About Readings in Bowing (Rukuk) and Prostration (Sujud) in Prayer (Salat)
The hadith about readings in bowing (Rukuk) and prostration (Sujud) in prayer (Salat) that I mean is as follows:
عَنْ اِبْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ ؛ قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ؛ أَلَا وَإِنِّيْ نُهِيْتُ أَنْ أَقْرَأَ الْقُرْآنَ رَاكِعًا أَوْ سَاجِدًا ، فَأَمَّا الرُّكُوْعُ فَعَظِّمُوْا فِيْهِ الرَّبَّ ، وَأَمُّا السُّجُوْدُ فَاجْتَهِدُوْا فِيْ الدُّعَاءِ فَقِمِنٌ أَنْ يُسْتَجَابَ لَكُمْ . رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ
From Ibn Abbas radliyallaahu anhumaa, he said, “Allah’s Messenger sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said, “Know! In fact, I have been banned from reading the Quran when bowing or prostration. Glorify God in bowing and pray earnestly in prostration, then your prayer will be granted.” The hadith is narrated by Muslim.
There are some important things related to the hadith above that we need to know;
One; Allah forbade the Prophet Muhammad to read the Quran in bowing and prostration.
Two; The prohibition on the Prophet Muhammad is a prohibition for his people.
Three; The reason for the ban on reading the Quran in these two conditions is because these two conditions are low conditions. Someone is required to be in good condition when reading the Quran.
Four; Someone is recommended to read the rosary (سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيْمِ) when he is bowing. Ahmad said that reading prayer beads is mandatory. But the majority of Islamic law experts say that is a suggestion.
Five; Someone is recommended to read a prayer when he is prostrate. He may read any prayer, such as asking for the good of life in the world, the goodness of life in the end, and asking for protection from the bad life in the world and in the hereafter. Ahmad said that it was wajib. But the majority of Islamic law experts say that is a suggestion.
That is a brief explanation of readings in bowing (Rukuk) and prostration (Sujud) in prayer (Salat). Do you understand? The problem is simple and the explanation is very clear. So, I hope you understand. But, if you want to ask, please ask!
I think that is enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!
See you again in the next article!
Hasan Sulaiman an-Nuri and Alawi Abbas al-Maliki, Ibaanatu al-Ahkaam Syarhu Buluughi al-Maraam, Vol. I, Dar al-Fikr Publishing, Beirut, 2004, p. 313-314.