Ath-Thaharah (Ablution or Purifying) in Islam

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Ath-Thaharah (Ablution or Purifying) ~ Hi readers! In this article, I will invite you all to know about ath-Thaharah in Islamic teaching. In the teachings of Islam, knowing about ath-Thaharah is a most fundamental obligation because it will continue to relate to other worship services that require a Muslim to do ath-Thaharah. In fact, a Muslim should not perform these services if he does not do ath-Thaharah first, such as prayer, some hajj rites, and recite the Quran.

The meaning of ath-Thaharah in the language is clean and pure from the good looks or not. The ath-Thaharah in terms of Islamic legal scholars has various meanings; there is a difference of opinion about its meaning. I will not discuss in detail the differences between them.

But I will tell you, that the conclusion of their differences about the meaning of ath-Thaharah is, “a status of law that has been determined by Shari’ (Allah and Prophet Muhammad) as a condition of the validity of prayer and may use equipment, eat a meal and so forth. [Abdurrahman al-Jaziri, al-Fiqh ‘ala al-Madzaahib al-Arba’ah, vol. 1, p. 8].

The purpose of the conclusion of the difference of opinion of the Islamic law experts on the meaning of ath-Thaharah above is that Shari’ (Allah and Prophet Muhammad) has made provision for all Muslims who wish to perform the prayers must be in the pure state of dirt and unclean, they must use pure garments of impurities and unclean, and one of the requirements of food that is lawful to eat is sacred food.

In Islamic teachings, a Muslim is very obliged to have knowledge about ath-thaharah because it is associated with a lot of obligatory worship, which must be done every day. Even in the Qur’an and hadith the prophet Muhammad there are so many suggestions that a Muslim is always in pure condition (doing ath-Thaharah).

Quran About Ath-Thaharah

وَيَسۡ‍َٔلُونَكَ عَنِ ٱلۡمَحِيضِۖ قُلۡ هُوَ أَذٗى فَٱعۡتَزِلُواْ ٱلنِّسَآءَ فِي ٱلۡمَحِيضِ وَلَا تَقۡرَبُوهُنَّ حَتَّىٰ يَطۡهُرۡنَۖ فَإِذَا تَطَهَّرۡنَ فَأۡتُوهُنَّ مِنۡ حَيۡثُ أَمَرَكُمُ ٱللَّهُۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُحِبُّ ٱلتَّوَّٰبِينَ وَيُحِبُّ ٱلۡمُتَطَهِّرِينَ ٢٢٢
 
And they ask you about menstruation. Say: It is a discomfort; therefore keep aloof from the women during the menstrual discharge and do not go near them until they have become clean; then when they have cleansed themselves, go in to them as Allah has commanded you; surely Allah loves those who turn much (to Him), and He loves those who purify themselves. (Al-Baqarah [2]; 222).

لَا تَقُمۡ فِيهِ أَبَدٗاۚ لَّمَسۡجِدٌ أُسِّسَ عَلَى ٱلتَّقۡوَىٰ مِنۡ أَوَّلِ يَوۡمٍ أَحَقُّ أَن تَقُومَ فِيهِۚ فِيهِ رِجَالٞ يُحِبُّونَ أَن يَتَطَهَّرُواْۚ وَٱللَّهُ يُحِبُّ ٱلۡمُطَّهِّرِينَ ١٠٨
 
Never stand in it; certainly a mosque founded on piety from the very first day is more deserving that you should stand in it; in it are men who love that they should be purified; and Allah loves those who purify themselves. (At-Taubah [9]; 108).

Hadith About Ath-Thaharah

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