The Law of Answering Adhan and the Procedure ~ Hi all readers! In the previous article, I explained a little about Adhan. In this article, I will explain the law of answering adhan. I need to say beforehand, which is a call to prayer. In other words, there is an invitation to pray. If in everyday life, if there is someone who invites or greets us, then in our minds there are two choices; between answering and not. Likewise, with Adhan. The question I want to explain is, is the law answering adhan? If so, is it mandatory, how do you answer it?
As always, before I answer the two questions above, I will quote two hadith that are specifically related to our discussion. The two hadiths that I mean are as follows;
Hadith About Answering Adhan and the Procedure
The hadith about answering Adhan and the procedure that I mean is as follows:
عَنْ أَبِيْ سَعِيْدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : ِإذَا سَمِعْتُمْ النِّدَاءَ فَقُوْلُوْا مِثْلَ مَا يَقُوْلُ الْمُؤَذِّنُ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ
From Abu Sa’id al-Khudri radliyallaahu ‘anhu, he said, “Allah’s Messenger sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said, “If you hear the call (adhan) then say it like something that is said by the person who proclaims adhan.” The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
وَ لِمُسْلِمٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ فِيْ فَضْلِ الْقَوْلِ كَمَا يَقُوْلُ الْمُؤَذِّنُ كَلِمَةً كَلِمَةً ، سِوَى الْحَيْعَلَتَيْنِ ، فَيَقُوْلُ : لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ
Muslim have hadith history from Umar radliyallaahu anhu about the virtue of speech as spoken by people who echo adhan, sentence by sentence, except the phrase “Hayya alaa ash-Shalaah (let’s do the prayer)” and the phrase “Hayya alaa al-Falaah (Let’s go to victory).” He then said, “لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ (there is no power and strength except Allah)“.
There are several important things related to the two hadith above that we need to know;
One; We are encouraged to answer the voice adhan with the same words as the sentence adhan except the phrase “Hayyaa ‘alaa ash-Shalaah and Hayyaa ‘alaa al-Falaah“, as explained by the two hadith above. There is no difference between a person who is pure or not (has an ablution or not, between women who are menstruating or not, except people who are urinating, defecating, and people who are having sex.
Two; Islamic law experts agree that the law to answer the voice of adhan is a suggestion, not an obligation.
Three; There is a huge reward for people who are willing to answer the voice of adhan.
All readers! If we understand the information that I have said above, then of course we already know the answer to the two questions above. Here I just want to emphasize, that the law of answering the voice is a suggestion as I have said in the second point. The way to answer it is as I have said in the first point.
Now, do you understand? The problem is simple and the explanation that I have conveyed is very clear. So, I hope you understand. But if you want to ask, please ask!
I think that is enough for this article. May be useful! Amen!
See you again in the next article!